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Omega-3 fatty acids offer vital support for pregnant women, enhancing fetal brain development, reducing the risk of preterm birth, and promoting overall maternal and infant well-being. Incorporating omega-3 through diet and supplements is crucial for a healthy pregnancy.

Benefits of Omega-3 for pregnant women

Pregnancy is a transformative period, demanding careful attention to both maternal and fetal health. Amid the myriad of nutritional considerations, omega-3 fatty acids emerge as unsung heroes, playing a pivotal role in the well-being of both mother and child. Below are stated the multifaceted benefits of omega-3 during pregnancy and why it deserves a prime spot in the nutritional spotlight.

1. Brain Development and Cognitive Function

Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are crucial for fetal brain development. DHA is a structural component of the brain and the retina, with its highest accumulation occurring during the third trimester. Adequate omega-3 intake during pregnancy has been associated with enhanced cognitive function in children.

2. Reducing Preterm Birth Risks

Preterm birth is a significant concern, but omega-3 supplementation has shown promise in reducing this risk. Studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and DHA, contribute to the lengthening of gestation, potentially lowering the likelihood of premature birth.

3. Supporting Healthy Vision

DHA, a major component of the retina, is crucial for visual development. Maternal omega-3 intake has been linked to a lower risk of visual problems in infants. Including omega-3-rich foods or supplements can contribute to the visual well-being of the growing fetus.

4. Anti-Inflammatory Benefits

Pregnancy triggers various physiological changes, including inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, potentially helping to manage inflammation during pregnancy. This can be particularly beneficial in conditions like gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.

5. Cardiovascular Health for Mother and Child

Omega-3s play a role in cardiovascular health, supporting a healthy heart for both the mother and the developing baby. Studies suggest that maternal omega-3 intake may positively influence blood pressure and vascular function.

6. Managing Mood and Depression

Pregnancy hormones can impact mood, and omega-3s have been studied for their potential antidepressant effects. Including sufficient omega-3s in the diet may contribute to mental well-being during pregnancy and postpartum.

7. Enhancing Immune Function

A robust immune system is vital during pregnancy. Omega-3 fatty acids support immune function, potentially providing an added layer of defense against infections for both the mother and the developing fetus.

How much Omega-3 per day for pregnant women?

Pregnant women are recommended to consume about 200-300 mg of DHA, a type of omega-3 fatty acid, daily to support optimal fetal brain and eye development. Including a variety of omega-3-rich foods, such as fatty fish or algae-based supplements, can contribute to meeting this recommended intake. It’s essential for expectant mothers to discuss their omega-3 needs with healthcare providers for personalized advice based on individual health and dietary factors.

Essential Vitamins & Minerals for a healthy pregnancy


  • Folate (B9): Folic acid is crucial in early pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects. Pregnant women are advised to consume at least 600 micrograms daily, either through diet or supplements.
  • Vitamin D: Essential for calcium absorption and bone health, vitamin D requirements may increase during pregnancy. Adequate sun exposure and dietary sources or supplements can help meet the recommended levels.
  • Iron: Vital for preventing anemia, iron requirements increase during pregnancy. Iron-rich foods and supplements are often recommended to support both maternal and fetal needs.


  • Calcium:Critical for fetal bone development and maintaining the mother’s bone health, pregnant women should ensure sufficient calcium intake. Dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods are good sources.
  • Zinc: Essential for cell division and growth, zinc-rich foods like meat, dairy, and nuts should be included in the diet.
  • Iodine: Crucial for thyroid function and brain development, iodine requirements increase during pregnancy. Iodine-rich foods and supplements can help meet these needs.


A well-balanced and nutrient-rich diet is fundamental for a healthy pregnancy. Prioritizing a variety of foods that provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids is key to supporting the well-being of both the mother and the developing baby. Always seek professional guidance to tailor nutritional recommendations to individual health circumstances.

However, omega-3 fatty acids stand out as indispensable contributors to maternal and fetal health. Whether through dietary adjustments or supplementation, ensuring an adequate intake of EPA and DHA during pregnancy can pave the way for optimal outcomes. As with any aspect of prenatal care, it’s crucial for pregnant women to consult with healthcare professionals to tailor omega-3 recommendations to their specific needs, ensuring a healthy and thriving pregnancy journey.


Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, MVS Pharma GmbH publishing provides access to our library of archived content – in our blog. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.


Dr. Disha Trivedi

Dr. Disha Trivedi is PhD in Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology. She is working as a medical writer and researcher at MVS Pharma GmbH.